Obstetrics gynaecologist Obstetrics gynaecologist

An obstetrician-gynecologist, or OB-GYN, is a healthcare professional that specializes in female reproductive health.

  • obstetrics involves working with pregnant women, including delivering babies
  • gynecology involves the female reproductive system, treating a wide range of conditions, including sexually transmitted infections and chronic pain

What is an OB-GYN?

AN OB-GYN is a doctor who has broad and specific training in obstetrics and gynecology

They can answer a person's questions about pregnancy, sex, reproductive health, infertility, and numerous other topics

Though recommendations vary with age and change over time, many women see their OB-GYNs at least once a year. Some use these physicians as their primary or only doctor.

What procedures can they perform?

OB-GYNs are trained surgeons who can perform a wide range of procedures, including:

  • cesarean sections
  • instrumental deliveries during childbirth
  • a hysterectomy
  • removing growths, such as ovarian cysts and uterine fibroids
  • surgery to repair pelvic organ injuries

OB-GYNs can also perform a wide range of routine and in-office procedures, including:

  • pap smears to test for cervical cancer
  • STI tests
  • fertility treatments, such as egg retrievals for IVF or egg-freezing
  • fertility treatments, such as egg retrievals for IVF or egg-freezing
  • infertility treatments and counseling
  • management of urinary issues, such as urinary tract infections and urinary incontinence
  • treating common problems, such as anemia
  • breast exams and breast health management, including mammograms and other breast cancer screenings

OB-GYNs may also address general health needs, such as screening for mental health issues, filling prescriptions for common ailments, performing blood work for common diseases, and referring people to specialists.